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Global Politics

Question Structure

Key Concepts:

Power: The ability to affect change
Realism: seeing the world as it actually
Sovereignty: Being not interfered with
Complex Interdependence: concept entails that relations between states are becoming increasingly deep and complex.
Legitimately: Rightful being the owner of power”
Humanitarian Intervention Action taken by a state or coalition of states (e.g. IGO) in order to prevent ham suffering in another state )bot for self-interested reason)
Power vacume: Leaving an empty space of power

Good to know

G7: US, UK, Germany, Japan, Italy, France, Canada (ideological based)
1975 founded as Group of 6 (France, Germany, USA, Italy, Japan, UK)
1976 invited Canada to join (G7)
1998 invited Russia to join (G8), joins 2002
2014 suspended Russian membership over Crimea (G7+1)
 
Annual summits (rotating Presidency)
No formal rules, membership criteria, objectives, budget, staff
Decisions non-binding on members
Declining relevance
No China/India - Russia unperturbed by suspension
Rise of G20
Inability to effectively deal with major issues
Reacts to rather than shapes issues
Decisions non-binding on members ('talking shop)
Accountability
Closed doors/remote locations
Unfair and exclusive membership
G20: promote dialogue between industrial and emerging market countries on issues related to global economical stability
1999 Agreement to establish
2008 First leaders' summit held (in response to financial crisis)
2009 Agreement that G20 would replace G7/8 as main forum for economic cooperation
 
Group of 20
Europe: UK, France, Germany, Italy, Russia, EU
North America: USA, Canada, Mexico
South America: Argentina, Brazil
Asia: China, Japan, India, South Korea, Turkey, Saudi Arabia, Indonesia
Africa: South Africa
Oceania: Australia
 
G20 Strengths
Diversity/inclusion
Geographical and ideological
Economic and political strength
66% Global population
90% Global GDP
80% Global trade
Coordinated global response to 08 crash
Created Financial Stability Board to coordinate national financial regulation
Pledged $500 billion in stimulus funds
Agreed to partial reform of IMF/World Bank voting weights
 
G20 Weaknesses
Exclusivity and Arbitrariness of membership
No Spain, Yes Argentina?
Lack of transparency/accountability
Closed doors/remote locations/no NGO input
Insufficient action
Climate change, poverty, inequality
Non-binding (Realists)
Watered-down communiques
Unanimity leads to lowest-common-denominator
D10: G7 + India, South Korea, Australia
NATO: Western Alliance against Communist Russia - everybody for one
United Nations
AUKUS: Australia, United Kingdom, United States:
Sharing Resources, Technology Against China (unofficially)go
 
Unilateral: Addressing or solving a problem by somebodies own
Multilateral: Global Problems addressed by many
Hegemon: Leading country having the relative power to control others
 
Strategic Autonomy: Be the third pole of power as Europe
Unipolar: (Hegemony) One dominant State
Bipolar: Two dominant States
Multipolar: The multiple States in Power (ED, Russia, China, US)
 
IGOs: Inter-Government Organisations
UN, Nato, EU
NGOs: Non-Government Organisations
(Human rights Watch, NHS, Red Cross) Non profit
MNCs: Multi-National Companies
Google, Amazon, Starbucks, profit motive
NDCs: Nationally-determined-Contributions
States agreeing to a basic, non-binding extend, set by themselves.
 
 
Non Binding We would like you to
Binding We would like you to
Enforced We are going to make you
Resolutions
 
Populism: Strategy to find to power
🏸politicisation: To make something into a political issue (open for the public to discuss)
 
Strategic Ambiguity: Neither denying nor approving action and statement
Structural Power: Who decides, who decides
How do countries end up holding big power in global institutions (Hegemony)
 
1933 Montevideo State Convention:
a state must possess a permanent population, a defined territory, a government, and the capacity to conduct international relations.
 
 
Westphalian Sovereignty Absolute Sovereignty (1648 Treaty after 30 Years War)
Western view of Sovereignty = more conditional view of Sovereignty (No human rights validated, etc
 
Hegemonic Stability Theory
HST indicates that the international system is more likely to remain stable when a single state is the dominant world power or hegemon.
 
ethnic cleansing Cleaning an area of a spesific minority
Kyoto Emission cutting 1997
37 Developed Country = EU setting targets for countries to cut emissions
legally binding under international law (the USA didn’t join)
 
Paris agreement
Limit temperature increasing to t2 Degrees to the pre-time and if possible to 1.5
Nationally Determinate Contirubuitns
 
What year was the un fund
1945
How many original members
51
How many members are there today
193 Member States
 
Where is the uN based
New York
 
Who are the P5
France UK USA Russia China
 
Name three secretary generals
Trygve Lie, from Norway, 1946-1952.
Dag Hammarskjöld, from Sweden, 1953-1961.
U Thant, from Burma (now Myanmar), 1961-1971.
 
Who are the two non-member observers
the Holy See and Palestine.
 
Who are the non-parliament members of UNSC
Estonia.
India.
Ireland.
Kenya.
Mexico.
Niger.
Norway.
Which country has used their veto most often
Russia
 
Wjich
elected 11 times, while Brazil and Argentina follow with 10 and 9
 
 
Case studies:
Merkel’s Ara coming to an endMerkel’s Ara coming to an endWhistle-blower accusing facebook on prioritizing growth over safetyWhistle-blower accusing facebook on prioritizing growth over safetyGlobal politics RoundupGlobal politics Roundup🪖Taiwans Sovereignty 🪖Belarus-Poland border crisis deepens, with thousands trapped in dire conditions🦠Covid ComebackElizabeth Holmes in courtPossible US+Europe reaction as response on Russian Ukraine-invasionPossible US+Europe reaction as response on Russian Ukraine-invasionPutin's legitimacy after reestablishing himself
 
Realism vs LiberalismTypes of MovementsNecessary and Sufficient Conditions🇨🇳China’s Belt and Road
Homework
IB 1
Document
Teacher
toppage
Study time
Status
Last Edit
Deadline
Subject
grading
Created
Document Type
Key Concept
Dr. Jewkes
toppage
Oct 9, 2021
Done
Mar 23, 2022 12:22 PM
Oct 8, 2021
Global Politics HL
Oct 6, 2021 10:55 AM
Homework
Graded Assignment
Essay
Dr. Jewkes
toppage
Sep 29, 2021
Done
Mar 23, 2022 12:22 PM
Sep 30, 2021
Global Politics HL
None
Oct 3, 2021 09:28 AM
Homework
Graded Assignment
Presentation
Liberalism
Dr. Jewkes
toppage
Sep 29, 2021
Done
Mar 23, 2022 12:22 PM
Sep 29, 2021
Global Politics HL
10 Marker
Oct 3, 2021 09:28 AM
Graded Assignment
Essay
Assignment
Realism
toppage
Mar 23, 2022 12:22 PM
Global Politics HL
Jan 19, 2022 07:09 PM
Graded Assignment
Assignment
Dr. Jewkes
toppage
Jan 9, 2022 → Mar 31, 2022
Done
May 11, 2022 08:23 AM
Mar 9, 2022
Global Politics HL
Feb 1, 2022 07:23 PM
Graded Assignment
Assignment
Dr. Jewkes
toppage
Feb 4, 2022
Done
Mar 23, 2022 12:22 PM
Feb 4, 2022
Global Politics HL
Feb 4, 2022 10:18 AM
Graded Assignment
Assignment
Dr. Jewkes
toppage
Feb 5, 2022 → Mar 2, 2022
Done
Mar 23, 2022 12:22 PM
Feb 23, 2022
Global Politics HL
Jan 20, 2022 03:43 PM
Graded Assignment
Assignment
Dr. Jewkes
toppage
Mar 2, 2022
Done
Mar 23, 2022 12:22 PM
Mar 3, 2022
Global Politics HL
Feb 27, 2022 02:47 PM
Graded Assignment
Assignment
Dr. Jewkes
toppage
Mar 12, 2022 → Mar 16, 2022
Done
Mar 23, 2022 12:22 PM
Mar 16, 2022
Global Politics HL
Mar 9, 2022 11:27 AM
Graded Assignment
Assignment
Dr. Jewkes
toppage
Nov 24, 2021
Done
Mar 23, 2022 12:22 PM
Nov 26, 2021
Global Politics HL
Nov 20, 2021 05:20 PM
Graded Assignment
Essay
Assignment
Dr. Jewkes
toppage
Oct 18, 2021
Done
Oct 19, 2021 09:35 AM
Oct 19, 2021
Global Politics HL
Oct 14, 2021 02:24 PM
Assignment
toppage
May 25, 2022 10:50 AM
Global Politics HL
Jan 26, 2022 11:39 AM
Global Politics Theory
Dr. Jewkes
toppage
Mar 23, 2022 12:17 PM
Global Politics HL
Jan 24, 2022 11:32 AM
Global Politics Theory
Dr. Jewkes
toppage
Dec 15, 2021
Done
Jan 10, 2022 03:09 PM
Dec 14, 2021
Global Politics HL
Dec 13, 2021 11:07 AM
Homework
Dr. Jewkes
toppage
Dec 8, 2021
Done
Dec 9, 2021 04:21 PM
Dec 9, 2021
Global Politics HL
Dec 7, 2021 10:10 PM
Homework
Dr. Jewkes
toppage
Nov 25, 2021
May 25, 2022 10:53 AM
Nov 19, 2021
Global Politics HL
Nov 24, 2021 11:08 AM
Global Politics Theory
Dr. Jewkes
toppage
Nov 18, 2021
Done
May 25, 2022 10:37 AM
Nov 19, 2021
Global Politics HL
Nov 10, 2021 11:08 AM
Global Politics Theory
Human Rights
Dr. Jewkes
toppage
Mar 19, 2022 → Mar 22, 2022
Done
Mar 23, 2022 12:22 PM
Mar 22, 2022
Global Politics HL
Mar 18, 2022 10:46 AM
Graded Assignment
Assignment
Dr. Jewkes
toppage
Jan 9, 2022 → Mar 31, 2022
Done
May 11, 2022 08:24 AM
Mar 9, 2022
Global Politics HL
Apr 5, 2022 06:34 PM
Graded Assignment
Assignment
Dr. Jewkes
toppage
Needs Revision
Jun 7, 2022 03:34 PM
Mar 9, 2022
Global Politics HL
Apr 5, 2022 06:34 PM
Graded Assignment
Assignment
toppage
Apr 25, 2022 10:50 AM
Global Politics HL
Apr 25, 2022 10:50 AM
Assignment
toppage
Apr 25, 2022 10:50 AM
Global Politics HL
Apr 25, 2022 10:50 AM
Assignment
toppage
May 18, 2022 10:57 AM
Global Politics HL
May 18, 2022 10:53 AM
Assignment
toppage
May 20, 2022 09:31 AM
Global Politics HL
May 20, 2022 09:21 AM
Assignment
Dr. Jewkes
toppage
May 23, 2022
Done
Jun 15, 2022 07:49 AM
Jun 17, 2022
Global Politics HL
May 19, 2022 02:26 PM
Homework
Graded Assignment
Dr. Jewkes
toppage
Jun 29, 2022
Needs Revision
Jun 29, 2022 10:48 AM
Jun 29, 2022
Global Politics HL
Jun 29, 2022 10:16 AM
Assignment
toppage
Jun 13, 2022 10:07 AM
Global Politics HL
Jun 10, 2022 09:14 AM
Global Politics Theory
toppage
May 25, 2022 10:49 AM
Global Politics HL
May 25, 2022 10:19 AM
Global Politics Theory
toppage
May 25, 2022 10:49 AM
Global Politics HL
May 25, 2022 10:19 AM
Global Politics Theory
Dr. Jewkes
toppage
May 16, 2022 → May 17, 2022
Done
May 19, 2022 11:44 AM
May 18, 2022
Global Politics HL
May 12, 2022 02:12 PM
Test
Dr. Jewkes
toppage
May 18, 2022 → May 20, 2022
Done
May 23, 2022 09:33 AM
May 20, 2022
Global Politics HL
May 11, 2022 10:56 AM
Graded Assignment
Dr. Jewkes
toppage
May 15, 2022 → May 16, 2022
Done
May 16, 2022 11:05 AM
May 16, 2022
Global Politics HL
May 11, 2022 10:56 AM
Graded Assignment
Dr. Jewkes
toppage
Apr 30, 2022
Done
May 25, 2022 11:16 AM
May 14, 2022
Global Politics HL
May 4, 2022 10:44 AM
Note taking
Key Concept
Dr. Jewkes
toppage
Feb 11, 2022
Done
May 25, 2022 10:55 AM
Global Politics HL
Feb 7, 2022 11:50 AM
Key Concept
Human Rights
Dr. Jewkes
toppage
Dec 2, 2021
Done
May 25, 2022 10:57 AM
Nov 16, 2021
Global Politics HL
Nov 18, 2021 03:19 PM
Key Concept
Legitimacy
Dr. Jewkes
toppage
Oct 4, 2021
Done
Mar 23, 2022 12:15 PM
Global Politics HL
Oct 4, 2021 10:37 AM
Key Concept
Liberalism
Dr. Jewkes
toppage
Sep 20, 2021
Done
Mar 23, 2022 12:15 PM
Nov 12, 2021
Global Politics HL
Oct 2, 2021 11:07 PM
Note taking
Key Concept
Sovereignty
Dr. Jewkes
toppage
Sep 27, 2021
Done
May 25, 2022 10:19 AM
Sep 27, 2021
Global Politics HL
Sep 27, 2021 10:08 AM
Key Concept
Realism
Dr. Jewkes
toppage
Nov 10, 2021
Done
May 25, 2022 11:16 AM
Sep 11, 2021
Global Politics HL
Sep 10, 2021 09:04 AM
Note taking
Key Concept
Power
 
 

Vaccine Inequality and how it shows liberalists vs realistic values displayed

Covax is an UN-backed Global vaccine system designed specifically with the dream of promoting total vaccine inequality and ensuring that Low-income countries don't get left behind and don't get any vaccines. This system in theory is very liberalism in nature as the goal it is predicated on is a harmony of interest, as if only some Rich countries are fully vaxed while other poor countries arent this would lead to Covid rampantly spreading
Coax and how the global Vaccine system the UN developed is not working
shown when the second wave hit and India Cancelled all vaccines exports so Indians could be faxed first. This shows how India, came up with the hope of liberalist values as it hoped to donate a large amount of covid doses to covalent but as skin
 
 
 
 
Evaluate
 
 

agree with the claim that economic cooperation hinders states sovereignty

Economic cooperations hinder state sovereignty. A country has the right to pursue its own interests, however, might achieve that by using IGOs. International cooperations help in the progress of progressing change, which is in the common interest. However, those comments interests, might not always align with country-specific interests. One example might be the European Central Bank, deciding to put a new interest on banks and businesses, while creating huge inflation in the Euro. This encourages the citizens of Europe to spend their money, as, over time, its original value decreases. This has good effects on the economy, as more people spending their money lead to more general wealth, however, takes away a countries right to desire for themselves whether or not such measures make sense in their current economic position. Germany, for example, has a good industry and doesn't need its citizens to keep the economy running, however, as they gave up sovereignty over their own currency, now can only watch an economic institution rule and decide peoples behaviour. Hid this shows massive effects on peoples willingness to spend or save, and takes away a countries right and ability to decide for itself. Germany gave up sovereignty, to be able to expand its economy in Europe, however, in the same progress, gave up sovereignty over the value of its currency.