May 4, 2022
Humanitarian InterventionAction taken by a state or coalition of states (e.g. IGO) in order to prevent ham suffering in another state )bot for a self-interested reason)
Hard power approach: Advantage: Quick and effective, Disadvantage: Expensive, perhaps inefficient
Connection to GloPo Theories
Liberalism– global politics should be based around common moral standards (human rights) and cooperation for common benefits (making the world a safer place). This supports intervention in order to achieve these goals.
Realism– no such thing as humanitarian intervention; states only ever act in self-interest but use humanitarian intervention as an excuse/cover to interfere with the sovereignty of another state. Intervention is likely to make things worse, not better.
May 6, 2022
1 PILLAR ONE:Every state has the Responsibility to Protect its populations from four mass atrocity crimes: genocide, war crimes, crimes against humanity and ethnic cleansing.
2 PILLAR TWO:The wider international community has the responsibility to encourage and assist individual states in meeting that responsibility.
3 PILLAR THREE:XIf a state is manifestly failing to protect its populations, the international community must be prepared to take appropriate collective action, in a timely and decisive manner and in accordance with the UN Charter.
Power vacuum:Empty space in power
May 11, 2022
Are you reacting on “last exhausts”
How high is the chance of success?
What is the long-term plan?
How high is the confidence in case?
What is their self-interest?
Is it welcomed by the Population?
What is the impact on other states?
Is there any international authorisation?
Case Study: East Timor
The 1999 referendum came after 24 years of occupation by Indonesian forces
Are you reacting on “last exhausts”:
How high is the chance of success?: Chaotic war good
What is the long-term plan?: Establishing a democracy
How high is the confidence in the case?: Pretty High, with High numbers of casualties and impressions
What is their self-interest?: Keeping our refugees
Is it welcomed by the Population?: Yes
What is the impact on other states?: Indonesia was not happy, either contras yes, keeping out refugees
Is there any international authorisation?: Yes, international initiative