Humanitarian Interventionism (R2P)

May 4, 2022 10:44 AM
Study time
Apr 30, 2022
May 14, 2022
May 4, 2022
Humanitarian Intervention Action taken by a state or coalition of states (e.g. IGO) in order to prevent ham suffering in another state )bot for a self-interested reason)
Hard power approach: Advantage: Quick and effective, Disadvantage: Expensive, perhaps inefficient
  Connection to GloPo Theories
Liberalism – global politics should be based around common moral standards (human rights) and cooperation for common benefits (making the world a safer place). This supports intervention in order to achieve these goals.
Realism no such thing as humanitarian intervention; states only ever act in self-interest but use humanitarian intervention as an excuse/cover to interfere with the sovereignty of another state. Intervention is likely to make things worse, not better.

May 6, 2022

UN - 2005 R2P Resolution

R2P stipulates three pillars of responsibility:

1 PILLAR ONE: Every state has the Responsibility to Protect its populations from four mass atrocity crimes: genocide, war crimes, crimes against humanity and ethnic cleansing.
2 PILLAR TWO: The wider international community has the responsibility to encourage and assist individual states in meeting that responsibility.
3 PILLAR THREE:X If a state is manifestly failing to protect its populations, the international community must be prepared to take appropriate collective action, in a timely and decisive manner and in accordance with the UN Charter.
Power vacuum: Empty space in power

May 11, 2022

Factors for HI success by Tony Blair (UK Prime)

Are you reacting on “last exhausts”
How high is the chance of success?
What is the long-term plan?
How high is the confidence in case?
What is their self-interest?
Is it welcomed by the Population?
What is the impact on other states?
Is there any international authorisation?
Case Study: East Timor

East Timor: Indonesia's invasion and the long road to independence

The 1999 referendum came after 24 years of occupation by Indonesian forces
notion image
Are you reacting on “last exhausts”:
How high is the chance of success?: Chaotic war good
What is the long-term plan?: Establishing a democracy
How high is the confidence in the case?: Pretty High, with High numbers of casualties and impressions
What is their self-interest?: Keeping our refugees
Is it welcomed by the Population?: Yes
What is the impact on other states?: Indonesia was not happy, either contras yes, keeping out refugees
Is there any international authorisation?: Yes, international initiative